Marylanders fighting

In honor of Independence Day, we want to remember Maryland’s role in the American Revolution…

In the illustration above General Nathaniel Greene observed as the veteran 1st Maryland Regiment threw back a British attack and countered with a bayonet charge. As they reformed their line, William Washington’s Light Dragoons raced to rescue raw troops of the 5th Maryland Regiment who had buckled under a furious assault of British Grenadiers and Guards.

Although no major Battles of the American Revolutionary War occurred in Maryland, this did not prevent the state’s soldiers from distinguishing themselves through their service. General George Washington was impressed with the Maryland regulars (the “Maryland Line”) who fought in the Continental Army and, according to one tradition, this led him to bestow the name “Old Line State” on Maryland. Today, the Old Line State is one of Maryland’s two official nicknames.

A British colony since 1632, Maryland declared independence from Britain in 1776, with Samuel Chase, William Paca, Thomas Stone, and Charles Carroll of Carrollton signing the Declaration of Independence on behalf of the colony. From November 26, 1783 to June 3, 1784, Annapolis briefly served as the capital of the fledgling United States of America.

George Washington

Painting by John Trumbull of George Washington resigning his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, at the Maryland State House in Annapolis in December 1783, after the end of the Revolutionary War.


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